How to handle common variables in microservices architecture?

Let's consider a situation, where multiple services relay on data that can change any time and should be updated in each microservice roughly at the same time - for example there is a list of supported languages or some common policies that could change one day and affect many services at once.

One solution that I could think of is to have another microservice that could hold that data and any service that needs current state can just ask for it. The drawback is that this data is not changing very frequently, asking by HTTP is not that cheap and there is a lot of traffic to this let's say global registry service. As it is not changing very often, many services could just cache the data - in order to not ask for it every time - and not be able to respond to change quick enough when the change is made to the configuration.

The other solution could be to externalize such configuration - in AWS for example there could be some configuration file on S3 that would be available for others. The drawback here is that there is no way (as far as I know) to track changes in such file and there is no way to add some logic for verification if changed value in configuration is correct (there is no typos and so on), etc.

So my question is how to handle global configuration/registry in microservice world so that there is little HTTP overhead, you can audit changes as well as introduce change at the same time in many services?

Answers 1

  • Use Config Server( spring cloud config server) that will maintain centralized configurations, you need to make changes to config server related to configurations, each microservices will come on startup for configurations to config server, even after start up after certain interval of time microservices can come to config server for validating any change in configurations and update accordingly.


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