can AWS Lambda connect to RDS mySQL database and update the database?

I am trying to connect AWS Lambda function to RDS mysql database.
I just wanted to update the database from my lambda function. Is it possible to access RDS by specifiying IAM Role and access Policy?.
I can connect to mysql databse using mysql client.but when i try on lambda i can't do that. here is my code.

console.log('Loading function');
var doc = require('dynamodb-doc');
var dynamo = new doc.DynamoDB();
var mysql = require('mysql');
exports.handler = function(event, context) {
    //console.log('Received event:', JSON.stringify(event, null, 2));  
    var operation = event.operation;
    delete event.operation;
    switch (operation) {
        case 'create':
            var conn = mysql.createConnection({
                host: 'lamdatest.********.rds.amazonaws.com', // RDS endpoint 
                user: 'user', // MySQL username 
                password: 'password', // MySQL password 
                database: 'rdslamda'
            });
            conn.connect();
            console.log("connecting...");
            conn.query('INSERT INTO login (name,password) VALUES("use6","password6")', function(err, info) {
                console.log("insert: " + info.msg + " /err: " + err);
            });
            console.log("insert values in to database");
            break;
        case 'read':
            dynamo.getItem(event, context.done());
            break;

        default:
            context.fail(new Error('Unrecognized operation "' + operation + '"'));

    }
    context.succeed();
};

Answers 1

  • Yes. You can access a MySql RDS database from AWS Lambda.

    You can use node-mysql library.

    However, there is a big caveat that goes with it.

    AWS Lambda does not (currently) have access to private subnets inside a VPC. So in order for AWS Lambda to access your RDS database, it must be publicly accessible, which could be a security risk for you.

    Update (2015-10-30): AWS Lambda announced upcoming VPC support (as of re:Invent 2015), so this won't be an issue for much longer.

    Update (2015-11-17): AWS Lambda still does not have VPC support.

    Update (2016-02-11): AWS Lambda can now access VPC resources:

    https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/aws/new-access-resources-in-a-vpc-from-your-lambda-functions/

    To achieve this functionality, your Lambda function will actually execute inside your VPC in a subnet. Some caveats come with this functionality:

    • The VPC subnet needs enough free IP addresses to handle Lambda's scaling
    • If your Lambda function needs internet access, then it's designated VPC subnet will need an Internet Gateway or NAT

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